International reactions have been largely positive. The United States, France, Germany, Italy, the EU and the African Union welcomed the ceasefire agreement. [fn]”Ceasefire in Libya,” press release, US Secretary of State Michael Pompeo, 26 October 2020; “France welcomes the ceasefire agreement between Libya,” said The French Ministry of Europe and Foreign Affairs on 26 October 2020; “Accord per un cessate il fuoco permanent in Libia,” Italian Foreign Ministry, 23 October 2020; “Statement by the High Representative on behalf of the European UNION on the announcement of a ceasefire agreement in Libya” on 25 October 2020; “Statement by the Chairperson of the African Union Commission on signing of a Ceasefire in Libya,” 23 October 2020. The members of the UN Security Council also issued a press release praising the ceasefire agreement: “UN Security Council press release on the ceasefire in Libya, 27 October 2020”. Hide Footnote Russia issued a timid confirmation that suggested skepticism. The acting Libyan-Chargé d`affaires of Moscow simply stated that he was “satisfied” with the agreement and said he hoped it would stop. [fn] Comments from Russia`s Chargé d`affaires were quoted in “Rivals of Libya Sign a Ceasefire Agreement: Live News,” Al Jazeera, October 23, 2020. The biggest foreign skeptic of the deal was Turkish President Recep Tayyip Erdogan, who said: “The ceasefire agreement signed is not a ceasefire at the highest level. Time will tell how sustainable it will be at lower levels. [fn] President Erdogan`s press articles were quoted on the website of the President of the Republic of Turkey: “The ceasefire agreement signed in Libya is not a ceasefire at the highest level,” 23 October 2020. On 23 October, negotiators of the warring parties in Libya signed a ceasefire agreement in Geneva. However, the text lacks specificity, so the parties have room to trace their commitments. It seems that most Libyan observers seem to regard the vague commitment of the agreement to demobilize armed groups as an allusion to the Haftar camp. Haftar, who says he heads the LNA, has repeatedly called for the dismantling of pro-Tripoli armed groups.
But Tripoli politicians see the LNA as little more than an amalgam of armed groups using the same brutal tactics used by the Gaddafi regime.