25-Year Agreement Between Iran And China

Welcoming the anniversary of the founding of the People`s Republic of China, Rohani said Thursday that the reciprocal agreement would “also affect international peace and stability and make effective progress against unilateralism.” Especially in the oil industry, what could be seen as a major motivation for the Chinese to sign an agreement, is in conflict with the figures. China`s oil imports from Iran slumped 89 percent in March this year, when Beijing tried to secure a trade deal with the United States. In June, China did not import crude oil from Iran, at least officially, compared to a record level of Saudi Arabia. In addition, all major incidents in the Middle East in recent years, including the Soleimani bombing, the Abqaiq and Khurais attack and the ongoing war in Syria and Yemen, have not affected the price of oil in the long term. So why do the Chinese need this agreement and why now? Along with Russia, Iran has strongly supported Syrian President Bashar Assad throughout the civil war – and China has strongly supported his work in the UN Security Council. Would increased cooperation between Tehran and Beijing have repercussions in other countries and strengthen other authoritarian regimes? These assertions are either part of the political attitude of Iranian political differences in exile, which would like to describe the current Iranian regime as a “liquidation of interests to foreigners”, or are part of the general fear of Western society in favour of a so-called “aggressive Chinese expansion”. However, these assumptions are a misunderstanding of the agreement; it has no revolutionary dimension in relations between China and Iran. On the contrary, the agreement is more often than not a gesture of friendship and the natural and unsurprising continuation of the relationship between the two states. China does not plan and plan to send troops to Iran and does not plan to enter a partisan position in regional conflicts in the Middle East. However, the proposed partnership has sparked a lively debate within Iran. Zarif, the foreign minister who visited Beijing last October to negotiate the deal, faced hostile questions in Parliament last week on the issue.

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